Wind Power Potentials in Cameroon and Nigeria: Lessons from South Africa

Abdullahi Abubakar Mas’ud 1,*, Asan Vernyuy Wirba 2, Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey 3,
Ricardo Albarracín 4, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki 5, Álvaro Jaramillo Duque 6,
Nurul Aini Bani7, and Abu Bakar Munir 8,9

Abstract – Wind energy has seen a tremendous growth for electricity generation worldwide and reached 456 GW by the end of June 2016. According to the World Wind Energy Association, global wind power will reach 500 GW by the end of 2016. Africa is a continent that possesses huge under-utilized wind potentials. Some African countries, e.g., Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and South Africa, have already adopted wind as an alternative power generation source in their energy mix. Among these countries, South Africa has invested heavily in wind energy with operational wind farms supplying up to 26,000 GWh annually to the national grid. However, two African countries, i.e., Cameroon and Nigeria, have vast potentials, but currently are lagging behind in wind energy development. For Nigeria, there is slow implementation of renewable energy policy, with no visible operational wind farms; while Cameroon does not have any policy plan for wind power. These issues are severely hindering both direct foreign and local investments into the electricity sector. Cameroon and Nigeria have huge wind energy potentials with similar climatic conditions and can benefit greatly from the huge success recorded in South Africa in terms of policy implementation, research, development and technical considerations. Therefore, this paper reviews the wind energy potentials, policies and future renewable energy road-maps in Cameroon and Nigeria and identifies their strength and weakness, as well as providing necessary actions for future improvement that South Africa has already adopted.

Keyword: renewable energy; wind power; Cameroon; Nigeria; South Africa

1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Jubail Industrial College, P.O. Box 10099, Jubail Industrial City 31261, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Management and Information Technology, Jubail Industrial College, P.O. Box 10099, Jubail Industrial City 31261, Saudi Arabia; asan_v@jic.edu.sa
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Santiago de Chile 8940000, Chile; jorge.ardila@usm.cl
4 Department of Electrical, Electronic and Automation Engineering and Applied Physics, Senior Technical School of Engineering and Industrial Design (ETSIDI), Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM), Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain; rasbarracin@gmail.com
5 School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen AB10 7GJ, UK; f.b.muhammad-sukki@rgu.ac.uk
6 Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad de Antioquia, Cl. 67 #53 – 108, 050010 Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia; alvaro.jaramillod@udea.edu.co
7 UTM Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia; nurulaini.kl@utm.my
8 Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; abmunir@um.edu.my
9 University of Malaya Malaysian Centre of Regulatory Studies (UMCoRS), Level 13, Wisma R&D, University of Malaya, 59990 Jalan Pantai Baru, Kuala Lumpur 50000, Malaysia
* Correspondence: abdullahi.masud@gmail.com; Tel.: +96-653-813-8814

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